Zhores I. Alferov was born in Vitebsk, Belorussia, USSR, on March 15, 1930. In 1952, he graduated from the Department of Electronics of V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) Electrotechnical Institute in Leningrad. Since 1953 he has been a staff member of the Physico-Technical Institute where he held consecutively the following positions: junior researcher (19531964), senior researcher (19641967), head of the laboratory (19671987), director (1987present). He earned scientific degrees: a candidate of sciences in technology in 1961 and a doctor of sciences in physics and mathematics in 1970, both from the Ioffe Institute.
Since 1962 he has been working in the area of IIIV semiconductor heterostructures. His outstanding contributions to physics and technology of IIIV semiconductor heterostructures, especially investigations of injection properties, development of lasers, solar cells, LED's, and epitaxy processes have led to the creation of modern heterostructure physics and electronics.
In 1973 Zh. I. Alferov took over the chair of optoelectronics at the St Petersburg State Electrotechnical University (former V. I. Ulyanov (Lenin) Electrotechnical Institute) and in 1988 he was appointed to Dean of the Faculty of Physics and Technology at the St Petersburg Technical University.
He was elected a corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences in 1972 and Academy's full member in 1979. From 1989 onward, he has been Vice-President of the USSR (Russian) Academy of Sciences and President of its St Petersburg Scientific Center.
For his research Professor Zh. I. Alferov was awarded a number of national and international prizes:
and honorary memberships:
He is Editor-in-Chief of a Russian journal, Pis'ma v Zhurnal Tekhnicheskoi Fiziki (English-language versionTechnical Physics Letters) and a member of the Editorial Board of a Russian journal Nauka i Zhizn' (Science and Life).
Zh. I. Alferov is author of 4 books, 400 articles, and 50 inventions on semiconductor technology.